Physicians have many tools at their disposal to aid in your diagnosis. The type of equipment or technique used depends on the symptoms you are experiencing, the part of the body being examined and the type of image needed for an accurate diagnosis by your physician.
Diagnostic imaging procedures include:
Concerned that you may have osteoporosis? Ask your doctor for a DEXA scan. It’s quick, easy and can offer peace of mind.
Bone loss can be measured through a process offered at Highlands, DEXA. DEXA stands for Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry and is an enhanced form of x-ray technology. DEXA is today's standard for measuring bone mineral density.
While DEXA is commonly used to detect osteoporosis, it can also be used to track osteoporosis treatment, as well as other conditions that cause bone loss. The DEXA test can also help determine a patient’s risk for developing fractures.
Bone density testing is strongly recommended for patients with the following:
- Post-menopausal woman and not taking estrogen
- Those with personal or maternal history of hip fracture or smoking
- Post-menopausal woman who are over5’ 7” or less than 125 lbs.
- A male with conditions associated to bone loss
- Use medicines that are known to cause bone loss
- Type 1 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease, or a family history of osteoporosis
- High bone turnover, which shows up in the form of excessive collagen in urine samples
- A thyroid condition, such as hyperthyroidism
- A parathyroid condition, such as hyperparathyroidism
- Experienced a fracture after only mild trauma
- X-ray evidence of vertebral fracture or other signs of osteoporosis
- Simple, quick and noninvasive
- No anesthesia is needed
- Small amount of radiation
- DEXA bone density testing is the most accurate method available for the diagnosis of osteoporosis
- No radiation remains in a patient's body
Why it’s done:
• Identifies bone density decreases
• Determines bone fracture risks
• Determines if you have osteoporosis
How you prepare:
Tell your doctor if you’ve had a contrast CT or barium exam recently
What to expect:
Easy, fast, painless – no prep needed
Peripheral Arterial Disease Screening
Peripheral Arterial Disease Screening Details
What is Peripheral Arterial Disease Screening?
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD), more commonly known as hardening of the arteries, affects about eight million Americans. It is a condition in which the large and medium-sized arteries supplying blood to the legs become narrow or clogged, constricting the flow of blood. PAD is caused by atherosclerosis, a gradual process in which cholesterol and scar tissue build up, forming a substance called plaque that clogs the artery. PAD not only causes pain and disability, it also is associated with a much higher risk of heart disease.
About PAD Screenings
A quick, easy and non-invasive procedure, PAD screening is done by using the ankle-brachial index (ABI). After removing your socks and shoes, you will have pressure cuffs placed around your upper arms and ankles. A small ultrasound device will then measure the systolic blood pressure in your limbs.
Even though not everybody with PAD experiences symptoms, these warning signs may indicate arterial issues:
- Pain during exercise, which is relieved during rest
- Cold legs
- Poor wound healing
- Constant leg pain, tingling, burning or loss of sensation
- Risk factors
- Family history
- Increasing age
- High cholesterol
- Heavy alcohol consumption
- Poor diet
- Heart disease
- Physical inactivity